Reasons for infertility varies for both partners but male infertility is more common. About 1 in 20 men is infertile and a male factor is found in 50% of most barren partners. Around 1/3 of all ivf methods are carried out for infertility in males. Many men were surprised at the result and the finding that they will unable to conceive comes as a total shock. Primary reason usually is obstruction in the male genitalia. Approximately 1 in 3 reported cases of infertility in males, absences of tubes (including the vas deferens) or blockages are the main cause.
Sperm quality – Sperms are produced in testes or man’s testicles. At the time of male ejaculation/climax, sperm moves via number of little tubes known as epididymis, with a mixture of semen from a structure known as seminal vesicle. The seminal fluid is pushed through a bigger tube called vas deferens, towards the urethra and further out through opening in the glans penis. Sperm number or quality issues can be a result of hereditary factors. Scientific study from Australia found out that microscopic fragment of the male’s chromosome might be absent in most male with sperm problems and will lead to:
Lacking/Absent sperm (azoospermia) – the semen does not have a sperm cell. This is often due to a congestion in the tubes, or failure in the testes itself
Low sperm count (oligospermia) – The amount ejaculated fluid has not sufficient amount of sperm to create pregnancy. A sperm count more than 20 million per milliliter is considered normal, although the sperm count average for the human population is around sixty million and many males have a sperm count of greater than 200 million per milliliter. Sperm counts range of five to 20 million does not indicate indicate a serious infertility problem.
Defective structure – a normal sperm is the same shape as a sleek tadpole. An abnormality in shape of a sperm will cause problem in swimming and penetrating woman’s egg surface.
Weak motility/mobility – a normal or healthy sperm has a lashing tail, which is very important for swimming within the female reproductive system. Swimming feebly or not at all is due to poor motility.
Functional issues that can lead or contribute to male infertility include:
Erectile dysfunction or impotence – One is unable have or keep an penile erection enough for having sex.
Testicular problems – due to chemotherapy, infection or injury.
Prostectomy – surgical removal of prostate gland could cause impotence and infertility.
Certain disorders – diabetes or multiple sclerosis can cause and ejaculation and penile erection problems.
Using tobacco decreases fertility in males by 1/2 half that is why is should be stopped if you want to have a baby, Marijuana usage as well as excessive intake of alcohol need to be ceased. Using vitamins like folic acid, zinc, multivitamins, and a healthy diet is a must after you have broken your bad habits for healthy production of sperm.
Certain disorders – such as multiple sclerosis or diabetes can cause erection and ejaculation difficulties.
If ever you have reasons for infertility stated above, it is very important to visit your fertility doctor in your area to assess your condition and provide the necessary and effective treatments available.